The wood processing industry uses wood as the raw material, mainly processed by mechanical or chemical methods. Its products still maintain the basic characteristics of wood. The primary processed products are poles, pits, sleepers and various sawn timbers. The reprocessed products have building components. Wood products such as furniture, vehicles, ships, cultural and sports goods, packaging containers, and even wood-processed products, such as various wood-based panels and glued wood.
In recent years, the sustained and rapid development of China's economy and the improvement of people's living standards have led to the continuous growth of domestic timber demand and the vigorous development of the wood processing industry. The data shows that in 2016, China's industrial wood consumption was about 60.141 million cubic meters, of which papermaking consumption accounted for 64.48%; other wood-based panels, solid wood flooring and wooden furniture manufacturing accounted for about 35.52%.
However, although the wood processing industry has made significant progress, it relies heavily on imports of logs and sawn timber, and domestic timber production is limited. The contradiction between supply and demand has become a constraint for the development of the industry. Specifically, in 2017, China's total imports of wood (logs + sawn timber, raw wood products) exceeded 100 million cubic meters for the first time, reaching 1,084,700 cubic meters, amounting to 19.986 billion US dollars, up 15.6% and 23.2% respectively; 2018 1- In July, a total of 65.98 million cubic meters of imported wood was expected, which is expected to exceed 110 million cubic meters throughout the year.
Among them, Russia, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, Thailand, Australia and Europe imported more than 80% of the timber imported from China, and 81% in the first half of 2018.
In terms of domestic timber production, due to the unreasonable structure of China's forest resources, the mature forests of timber forests are too small and of poor quality. The forest coverage rate is far below the global average of 31%, and the per capita forest area is only 1/4 of the world's per capita level. Forest accumulation is only 1/7 of the world's per capita level, and timber production growth is insufficient. It has entered the downward channel since 2014.
In 2013, domestic timber production reached 84.385 million cubic meters, and by 2016 wood production had dropped to 77.759 million square meters. It is expected to continue to decline in the next few years, and by 2023 the timber production will be approximately 58.598 million square meters.
In summary, China's wood processing industry is facing problems such as resource environment and wood supply and demand contradiction, but the market demand is still strong, and the future development challenges and opportunities of the industry coexist.
In view of the current development situation, in the case of contradiction between supply and demand, wood processing enterprises need to improve the comprehensive utilization level to deal with. For a long time, China's basic research on the relationship between the nature of plantation wood and forest cultivation, processing and utilization is very weak, and the adoption of high-tech for the functional improvement of wood is still at the level of extensive research, so that the existing plantations in China On the one hand, the material properties are difficult to adapt to the needs of the market, on the other hand, they cannot be fully and rationally utilized according to their material properties, resulting in failure to play their due role in alleviating the contradiction between supply and demand of wood.
Therefore, improving the comprehensive utilization level will become the main trend of industry development. Increasing comprehensive utilization means the development of recycling technologies for wood efficient use, non-wood resource utilization and waste wood, to improve the comprehensive utilization of wood and non-wood resources, and to ensure limited timber resources to meet growing timber. Market demand. Through the application of new technologies and new processes, the quality of the forestry industry will be improved, and the utilization rate of forest harvesting and the comprehensive utilization rate of timber will be continuously promoted, so that limited resources can be more fully utilized.
In addition to improving the utilization rate, vigorously developing wood conservation and substitution will also be one of the development directions of the industry. In this regard, it is necessary to further increase the research and development of new technologies, new processes and new products for wood conservation, improve the protection ability of wood, promote the application of advanced technologies such as drying, anti-corrosion and anti-corrosion of wood, and prolong the service life of wood. Focus on the conservation of wood in key industries and key areas such as power, railway, industrial and mining, packaging, and residential construction.